GWASL 12: WITH THE BRITISH IN PALESTINE
British and Senussi
One of the most compelling theaters
in the history of warfare was the Middle East during the Great
War. From late 1914 until mid-1915, the British defend the Suez
Canal, taking on various Turkish and Senussi irregulars in their
attempts to capture or damage the canal, to block it. A major
victory was earned in August 1916, at Rumani, near the coast.
This success relieved pressure on the Suez Canal. The British
then began to construct a railway and supply roads along the coast.
Operations continued against the Senussi in the Western Desert.
This part of the campaign saw Sollum shelled by German U-Boats,
and an Emergency Squadron of the Royal Naval Armoured Car Division
sent to strengthen the British post there. Both Sollum and Sidi
Barrani were subjected to Arab raids. The 2nd New Zealand Rifle
Brigade, one company of 15th Sikhs, a detachment of the Bikanir
Camel Corps, an Egyptian Army Machine Gun Section and an armoured
train garrisoned by 1/10th Ghurka Rifles, moved on 21 December
1915 to hold the Alexandria - Debaa railway, and to patrol to
the Moghara oasis against more Senussi incursions. Battles would
rage back and forth at places like Matruh, Sidi Barrani, made
famous later, when the Desert Fox Erwin Rommel enter the annals
of military history. The Senussi were finally defeated with the
use of modern weaponry including armored cars, aircraft and artillery.
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