GWASL 11: BALKAN ASPIRATIONS
Romania entered the war in August of 1916,
on the Allied side, in an attempt to seize the prize: Transylvania.
This region in Austria-Hungary had a Romanian ethnic majority
but was under Hungarian control at the time. Despite initial successes,
the combined forces of Russia and Romania suffered several defeats,
and by the end of 1916 only Moldavia remained under Allied control.
After several defensive victories in 1917, with different groups
competing for authority over the Russian troops in Romania in
the aftermath of the October Revolution, Romania signed an armistice
at Focani. On November 10, 1918, just one day before the German
armistice and when all the other Central Powers had already capitulated,
Romania re-entered the war. By then, about 220,000 Romanian soldiers
had been killed. Despite their small size, the Germans worried
about the prospect of Romania entering the war, Hindenburg writing:
It is certain that so relatively small a state as Rumania
had never before been given a role so important, and, indeed,
so decisive for the history of the world at so favorable a moment.
Romanian soldiers would fight in battles that would be compared
with some of the most brutal campaigns on the Western Front at
little-known places like the Bran-Câmpulung area, the Carpathains,
and the Prahova Valley.
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